Potassium argon k ar dating
For example, in the Middle Proterozoic Musgrave Block (northern South Australia), a wide scatter of K-Ar mineral "ages" was found, ranging from 343Ma to 4493Ma due to inherited (excess) , permitting inclusion of the gas in the crystallizing minerals.Likewise, when Ar "dating" was attempted on Proterozoic granulite-facies rocks in the Fraser Range (western Australia) and Strangways Range (central Australia), it was found that garnet, sapphirine, and quartz contained excess was probably incorporated at the time of the formation of the minerals, and calculations suggested a partial pressure of ~0.1 atm Ar in the Proterozoic lower crust of Australia, which extends over half the continent.They are the lower mantle (below 670km), upper mantle, continental mantle lithosphere, oceanic mantle lithosphere, continental crust and oceanic crust, the latter four constituting the earth's crust. A steady-state upper mantle model has been proposed for mass transfer of rare gases, including Ar.K since their formation, or if some or all of it came from the mantle or from other crustal rocks and minerals.represents primordial Ar carried from source areas in the earth's mantle by the parent magmas, is inherited by the resultant volcanic rocks, and thus has no age significance.However, are all other rocks in the earth's crust also susceptible to "contamination" by excess emanating from the mantle?This content is available through Read Online (Free) program, which relies on page scans.Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access.
These each have 19 protons and 21 neutrons in their nucleus.
If so, then the K-Ar and Ar-Ar "dating" of crustal rocks would be similarly questionable.
When muscovite (a common mineral in crustal rocks) is heated to 740°-860°C under high Ar pressures for periods of 3 to 10.5 hours it absorbs significant quantities of Ar, producing K-Ar "ages" of up to 5 billion years, and the absorbed Ar is indistinguishable from radiogenic argon ( In other experiments muscovite was synthesized from a colloidal gel under similar temperatures and Ar pressures, the resultant muscovite retaining up to 0.5 wt% Ar at 640°C and a vapor pressure of 4,000 atmospheres.
This is approximately 2,500 times as much Ar as is found in natural muscovite.
Thus under certain conditions Ar can be incorporated into minerals which are supposed to exclude Ar when they crystallize. envisage noble gases from the mantle (and the atmosphere) migrating and circulating through the crust, so there should be evidence of excess in crustal rocks and their constituent minerals could well be the norm rather than the exception.